The objective of this NASA Earth Science REASoN (Research,
Education and Applications Solution Network) project is to assist in the development
a border Spatial decision support system (BSDSS) for allocating and deploying
resources to secure the U.S. borders. A team of security agents with the U.S.
Border Security, state and local law enforcement and resource protection agencies,
researchers from San Diego State University
(SDSU), and remote sensing technology companies are collaborating on this
NASA developed technologies, such as Earth Science Enterprise (ESE) satellite
data, very high resolution (VHR) airborne imaging, and image registration
and automated object detection routines will be integrated with commercial
satellite data, web-based geographic information systems (GIS), integrated
global positioning system/personal data assistants, and ground-based sensors,
in a SDSS framework.
Additionally, satellite data will enable assessment of fire risk to border
security agents and weather-related risks to undocumented immigrants. Mobile
communication equipment, web-based GIS, spatial models, and remote hand-held
computers with GPS will link directly to the SDSS, to facilitate resource
allocations and enforcement actions. This technology integration will also
enable agencies to assess environmental degradation and fire risk, and to
prepare to mobilize for natural and bio-terrorist hazards.
goal of this study is to develop a BSDSS that will be utilized by all levels
of the USBP and collaborating local, state, and federal agencies to tactically
and strategically allocate and disseminate personnel and technology resources
for securing the international borders of the US. Developments of these
technologies will be shared and transferred to other NASA investigators
through our participation in the Strategy for the Evolution of ESE Data
Systems (SEEDS) consortium.