The objective of this NASA Earth Science REASoN (Research,
Education and Applications Solution Network) project is to assist in the development
a border SPATIAL decision support system (BSDSS) for allocating and deploying
resources to secure the U.S. borders. A team of security agents with the U.S.
Border Security, state and local law enforcement and resource protection agencies,
researchers from San Diego State University (SDSU), and remote sensing technology
companies are collaborating on this project.
NASA developed technologies, such as Earth Science Enterprise
(ESE) satellite data, very high resolution (VHR) airborne imaging, and image
registration and automated object detection routines will be integrated with
commercial satellite data, web-based geographic information systems (GIS),
integrated global positioning system/personal data assistants, and ground-based
sensors, in a SDSS framework.
Additionally, satellite data will enable assessment of fire
risk to border security agents and weather-related risks to undocumented immigrants.
Mobile communication equipment, web-based GIS, spatial models, and remote
hand-held computers with GPS will link directly to the SDSS, to facilitate
resource allocations and enforcement actions. This technology integration
will also enable agencies to assess environmental degradation and fire risk,
and to prepare to mobilize for natural and bio-terrorist hazards.
The goal of this study is to develop a BSDSS that will be
utilized by all levels of the USBP and collaborating local, state, and federal
agencies to tactically and strategically allocate and disseminate personnel
and technology resources for securing the international borders of the US.
Developments of these technologies will be shared and transferred to other
NASA investigators through our participation in the Strategy for the Evolution
of ESE Data Systems (SEEDS) consortium.
NASA REASoN Project